PLIF by Ralph Cloward (1953)

Cloward, R. B. (1953). The treatment of ruptured lumbar intervertebral discs by vertebral body fusion.  I.  Indications, operative technique, after care. J Neurosurg, 10(2), 154–168. http://doi.org/10.3171/jns.1953.10.2.0154 Ralph Cloward is credited for the technical innovation of posterior lumbar interbody fusion or PLIF. Following the report by Mixter and Barr in 1934, discectomy became a standard operation for […]

Ralph B. Cloward (1908-2010)

Dr. Ralph Cloward, MD (1908-2010) Born in Salt Lake City, Utah, USA Medical School: University of Utah and Rush Medical College (University of Chicago). Graduated in 1934 Internship: St. Luke’s Hospital (1934-1935) Neurosurgery residency: Billings Memorial and University of Chicago Clinics from 1935 to 1938 under Prof. Percival Bailey Started practice in 1938 and was Chief of […]

Minimally invasive microdiscectomy – Surgical Video

  This is a surgical video of minimally invasive microdiscectomy. This is a common operation performed for persistent, severe sciatica due to lumbar disc herniation. Open microdiscectomy is the traditional way for performing this surgery, however, in the recent times, a minimally invasive approach has gained popularity. Potential advantages of minimally invasive microdiscectomy are limited […]